Name: Rancho La Concepción Nature Reserve
Surface: 1235 acres
Date of certification: September 4, 2013
Degree of protection: Area Voluntarily Destined for Conservation
The Rancho La Concepción Nature Reserve is part of the areas protected by Terra Peninsular in Baja California, and since September 4, 2013 the reserve is certified in Mexico as a Natural Protected Area, in the category of Area Voluntarily Destined for Conservation (ADVC in Spanish).
This certification was obtained through the National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP) and the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) with the objective of preserving the ecosystems and biodiversity of the site.
Mike Wirths and Pamela Weston of La Concepción Observatory are the owners of the ranch and is protected in collaboration with Terra Peninsular under a conservation agreement; and therefore, the reserve is a site promoted as part of the conservation efforts of Terra Peninsular and CONANP, as well as part of the natural protected areas in Mexico.
Located almost 4 miles north of the road to the Sierra de San Pedro Mártir National Park and close to the Ejido Bramadero in Baja California, the reserve has an area of 1235 acres of which 1082 are for conservation and 153 for the area of uses.
Since it was certified as an Area Voluntarily Destined for Conservation, the reserve maintains its qualities intact without any forest use, and to date, chaparral and riparian vegetation do not present deterioration problems. In addition, it is constantly monitored by its owners and does not develop any kind of activities not allowed in the space.
Known as Baja Dark Skies Ranch, the reserve is a strategic point in biological research, astronomical, archaeological and conservation activities, and also supports flora and fauna research projects, as well as promoting the ecological values and scenic beauty of the Sierra de San Pedro Mártir.
Also, the ranch has two adobe houses for visitors, both uses clean energy from solar panels and have all the necessary services and amenities.
The reserve presents chaparral habitats and pine forest, as well as oaks and other species of the riparian habitat. The reserve has been widely visited for different activities such as botanical research and more than 450 species, of which at least 25 are endemic of the mountain range, have been registered in the Sierra de San Pedro Mártir.
In addition, within the area there is a path that leads to an ancient construction built by a native community named Kilima and a cemetery of 6 tombs, all registered at the National Institute of History and Anthropology in Mexico in 2013 (Official No. 401.F50.2013 / CA-005).
That is why the reserve is a unique site that has the landscape qualities, as well as the necessary ecological infrastructure for the development of low impact activities.
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